The smallest size of apartment or flat is known as a studio and these are units that have one "living" space which would include a sitting area and sleeping area. The kitchen could be open plan or separate depending on the unit and it would have its own private bathroom and toilet facilities. Studios are ideal for single people or couples who don't want or need much space but prefer to have their own private facilities. Studios are considered an entry-level type of accommodation and they are the cheapest type of apartment. The alternative to a studio would be to rent a room in house/villa and have the use of shared facilities like the bathroom and kitchen and this is a cheaper option for those on a tight budget.
Apartments are self-contained residential units occupying part of a larger building. They are usually set out on a single storey of a building and it is for this reason that in some regions (UK, India etc.) they are referred to as "flats". The term apartment is one that is used extensively in Europe, North America and places that use American English. The term "flat" is used in the UK, India and places that use British English. Apartments or flats have their own front door, kitchen, toilet and bathroom. In some countries a 1-bedroom apartment may be advertised as a 1bhk or 1bhk flat. The term "bhk" or "BHK" refers to bedroom, hall and kitchen. This means that the unit would have 1 bedroom, a hall (lounge/sitting room) and kitchen.
Apartments can be found in residential blocks or towers and sometimes as a part of a villa where the floors have been separated each with its own entrance etc.
West Bay is not a district in its own right contrary to popular belief, but rather the name "West Bay" refers to a comprisal of districts on the east coast of Qatar, just north of Central Doha. The area when "mapped" out actually consists of the districts of Al Dafna, Al Qassar and Onaiza and West Bay Lagoon. The area is modern with some of the tallest skyscrapers in Qatar which are home to the Business centre of the capital. The area also houses many Head Offices and administrative buildings of the State set against the clear blue backdrop of the Persian Gulf waters, forming the "Doha Skyline" that is most famously seen in imagery of Doha. The Diplomatic Area is also located within West Bay.
The area has good road links as one would expect including the Al Corniche Street, Diplomatic Street, Omar Al Mukhtar Street, Majlis Al Taawon Street and the beginning of the Lusail Expressway. West Bay has its own Metro station on the Red Line and bus route. It is a very popular location for rentals and there is a wide choice of property types and sizes available to suit all and a convenient location to rent in if one is looking to be close to the Business District and Central Doha without the congestion.